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Transwings

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遥感专业词汇表—Transwings

2012-05-14 11:28

001摄影测量学photogrammetry

002卫星摄影测量satellite photogrammetry

003摄影学photography

004航天摄影space photography

005航空摄影aerial photography

006航空摄影机aerial camera

007立体摄影机stereocamera, stereometric camera

008非量测摄影机non-metric camera

009量测摄影机metric camera

010全景摄影机panoramic camera, panorama camera


011框幅摄影机frame camera

012条幅[航带]摄影机continuous strip camera, strip camera

013阵列摄影机array camera

014电荷耦合器件摄影机(简称“CCD摄影机”)charge-coupled device camera

015多谱段摄影机multispectral camera

016地面摄影机terrestrial camera

017弹道摄影机ballistic camera

018水下摄影机underwater camera

019大象幅摄影机large format camera,LFC

020恒星摄影机stellar camera


021地平线摄影机horizon camera

022反束光导管摄象机return beam vidicon camera, RBV

023象幅picture format

024框标fiducial mark

025象移补偿image motion compensation,IMC, forward motion compensation, FMC

026焦距focal length

027快门shutter

028中心快门between-the-lens shutter, lens shutter

029帘幕快门(又称“焦面快门)focal plane shutter, curtain shutter

030景深depth of field

031超焦点距离hyperfocal distance

032孔径(又称“光圈”)aperture

033光圈号数f-number, stop-number

034象场角objective angle of image field, angular field of view

035瞬时现场(又称“空间分解力”,其值为地面分解力2.5~2.8倍)instantaneous field-of-view, IFOV

036畸变[差]distortion

037全景畸变panoramic distortion

038几何畸变geometric distortion

039径向畸变radial distortion

040切向畸变tangential distortion, tangential lens distortion

041物镜分辨率resolving power of lens

042影象分辨率resolving power of image (注:一毫米内能分辨线对条数)

043正片positive

044负片negative

045透明负片dianegative

046透明正片diapositive, transparent positive

047反转片reversal film

048盲色片achromatic film

049正色片orthochromatic film

050全色片panchromatic film


051红外片infrared film

052黑白片black-and-white film

053彩色片color film

054全色红外片panchromatic infrared film

055彩色红外片(又称“假彩色片”)color infrared film, false color film

056航摄软片aerial film

057感光度sensitivity

058感光材料sensitive material

059彩色感光材料color sensitive material

060感光测定sensitometry

061感光特性曲线characteristic curve of photographic emulsion

062光谱感光度(又称“光谱灵敏度”)spectral sensitivity

063黑白摄影black-and-white photography

064彩色摄影color photography

065假彩色摄影false color photography

066红外摄影infrared photography

067全息摄影hologram photography, holography

068缩微摄影microphotography, microcopying

069低倍放大摄影pnotomacrography

070显微摄影photomicrography

071多谱段摄影multispectral photography

072全景摄影panoramic photography

073竖直摄影vertical photography

074倾斜摄影oblique photography

075小象幅航空摄影small format aerial photography, SFAP

076摄站camera station, exposure station

077摄影航线flight line of aerial photography

078摄影分区flight block

079摄影比例尺photographic scale

080摄影基线photographic baseline, air base

081摄影质量photographic quality

082航摄领航navigation of aerial photography

083航摄计划flight plan of aerial photography

084航摄漏洞aerial photographic gap

085航高flying height, flight height

086相对航高relative flying height

087绝对航高absolute flying height

088基一高比base-height ratio

089航向重叠longitudinal overlap end overlap, forward overlap, fore-and-aft overlap

090旁向重叠lateral overlap, side overlap, side laP

091骨架航线(又称“构架航线”)control strip

092曝光exposure

093摄影处理photographic processing

094显影developing

095定影fixing

096感光sensitising

097接触晒印contact printing

098投影晒印projection printing

099反差contrast

100反差系数contrast coefficient


101景物反差object contrast

102地面照度illuminance of ground

103影象质量image quality

104影象分辨力(又称“象元地面分辨力”。指象元地面尺寸。)image resolution ,ground resolution

105像片photo,photograph

106竖直摄影像片vertical photograph

107倾斜摄影像片oblique photograph

108航摄像片aerial photograph

109地平线像片horizon photograph

110像片比例尺photo scale

111数字影象(又称“数字图象”)digital image

112数字化影象digitized image

113光学密度optical density

114密度计densitometer

115测微密度计microdensitometer

116光学传递函数optical transfer function, OTF

117相位传递函数phase transfer function, PTF

118调制传递函数modulation transfer function, MTF

119维纳频谱Winer spectrum

120透光率transmittance

121灰楔grey wedge, optical wedae

122密度density

123灰度grey level

124象元pixel, picture element

125密度分割density slicing

126象主点principal point of photograph

127象底点photo nadir point

128地底点ground nadir point

129象等角点isocenter of photogrgaph

130等比线ipometric parallel

131像片基线photo base

132象主纵线principal line[of photograph]

133主垂面principal plane[of photograph], principal vertical plane

134真地平线true horizon

135视地平线apparent horizon

136象地平线(又称“合线”、“真水平线”)image horizon, horizon trace, vanishing line

137象点位移displacement of image

138投影差relief displacement,height displacement

139倾斜位移tilt displacement

140主合点principal vanishing point

141核点epipole

142核面epipolar plane

143核线epipolar line, epipolar ray

144主核线principal epipolar line

145主核面principal epipolar plane

146垂核面vertical epipolar plane

147垂核线vertical epipolar line

148同名核线corresponding epipolar line

149像片方位角azimuth of photograph

150像片内方位元素elements of interior orientation


151像片外方位元素elements of exterior orientation

152像片方位元素photo orientation elements

153姿态attitude

154姿态参数attitude parameter

155像片倾角tilt angle of photograph

156航向倾角longitudinal tilt, pitch

157旁向倾角lateral tilt, roll

158像片旋角swing angle, yaw

159立体象对stereopair

160立体观测stereoscopic observation

161互补色立体观察anaglyphical stereoscopic viewing

162偏振光立体观察vectograph method of stereoscopic viewing

163立体视觉stereocopic vision

164正立体orthostereoscopy

165反立体pseudostereoscopy

166左右视差horizontal parallax, x-parallax

167上下视差vertical parallax, y-parallax

168同名象点corresponding image points,homologous image points

169标准配置点Gruber point

170定向点orientation point

171内部定向interior orientation

172外部定向exterior orientation

173相对走向relative orientation

174绝对定向absolute orientation

175相对定向元素elements of relative orientation

176绝对定向元素elements of absolute orientation

177几何反转原理principle of geometric reverse(注:根据光路可逆性,建立所摄对象模型的原理)

178同名光线corresponding image rays

179全能法测图universal method of photogrammetric mapping
180分工法测图(又称“微分法测图”)differential method of photogrammetric mapping
181综合法测图photo planimetric method of photogrammetric mapping
182纠正rectification

183像片纠正photo rectification

184像片平面图photoplan

185光学纠正optical rectification

186光学机械纠正optical-mechanical rectification

187图解纠正graphical rectification

188光学图解纠正optical graphical rectification

189仿射纠正affine rectification

190分带纠正zonal rectification

191多级纠正multistage rectification

192纠正图底basis for rectification

193光学条件optical condition(注:保证纠正仪上物、象平面光学共轭的条件)

194几何条件geometric condition(注:保证纠正仪上正确投影关系的条件)

195纠正元素element of rectification

196合点控制vanishing point control

197交线条件 (又称“向甫鲁条件”、“恰普斯基条件”)condition of intersection,

Scheimpflug condition, Czapski condition

198透视旋转定律(又称“沙尔定律”)rotation axiom of the perspective, rotational theorem, Chasles theorem

199像片镶嵌photo mosaic

200光学镶嵌optical mosaic

201镶嵌索引图index mosaic
202调绘annotation
203像片判读photo interpretation
204目视判读visual interpretation
205明显地物点outstanding point.
206人工标志【点】artificial target
207辐射三角测量radial triangulation
208立体摄影测量stereophotogrammetry, twoimage photogrammetry
209模拟法测图analog photogrammetric plotting
210变换光束测图affine plotting
211光学投影optical projection
212机械投影mechanical projection
213光学机械投影optical-mechanlcal projection
214像片主距principal distance of photo
215摄影机主距principal distance of camera
216投影器主距principal distance of projector
217立体模型stereoscopic model
218几何模型geometric model
219视模型perceived model
220模型缩放scaling of model
221模型置平leveling of model
222模型连接bridging of model
223空中三角测量aerotriangulation
224空中水准测量aeroleveling
225空中导线测量aeropolygonometry
226模拟空中三角测量analog aerotriangulation
227阿贝比长原理Abbe comparator principle
228波罗一科普原理Porro-Koppe principle
229空间后方交会Space resection
230空间前方交会space intersection
231摄影测量坐标系photogrammetric coordinate system
232象平面坐标系photo coordinate system
233象空间坐标系image space coordinate system
234物空间坐标系object space coordinate system
235罗德里格斯矩阵Rodrigues matrix
236构象方程imaging equation
237共线方程collinearity equation
238共面方程coplanarity equation
239投影方程projection equation
240加密点pass point
241连接点tie point
242解析空中三角测量(俗称“电算加密”)analytical aerotriangulation
243航带法空中三角测量strip aerial triangulation
244独立模型法空中三角测量independent model aerial triangulation, aerotriangulation by independent model
245光束法空中三角测量bundle aerial triangulation
246联机空中三角测量on—line aerophotogrammetric triangulation
247区域网平差block adjustment
248自检校self-calibration
249联合平差combined adjustment
250数据探测法data snooping

251粗差检测gross error detection
252选权迭代法iteration method with variable weights
253解析纠正analytical rectification
254解析定向analytical orientation
255解析测图analytical mapping
256数控绘图桌digital tracing table
257机助测图computer-assisted mapping, computer-aided mapping
258正射投影技术orthophoto technique
259微分纠正differential rectification
260正射像片orthophoto
261立体正射像片orthophoto stereo-mate
262正射影象图orthophotoquad(注:不带等高线影象图)
263正射影象地图orthophoto map(注:带等高线影象图)
264量化quantizing, quantization
265采样sampling
266重采样resampling
267采样间隔sampling interval
268数字测图digital mapping
269数字纠正digital rectification
270数字镶嵌digital mosaic
271影象匹配image matching
272影象相关image correlation
273光学相关optical correlation
274电子相关electronic correlation
275数字相关digital correlation
276核线相关epipolar correlation
277最小二乘相关least squares correlation
278目标区target area
279搜索区searching area
280邻元法neighborhood method
281数字高程模型digital elevation model, DEM
282数字表面模型digital surface model,DSM
283摄影测量内插photogrammetric interpolation
284多项式法polynomial method
285双线性内插bi-linear interpolation method
286双三次卷积bi-cubic convolution
287样条函数法splines method
288有限元法finite elements method
289移动拟合法moving average method
290地面摄影测量terrestrial photogrammetry
291正直摄影normal case photography
292等偏摄影parallel—averted photography
293交向摄影convergent photography
294等倾摄影equally tilted photography
295全息摄影测量hologrammetry
296显微摄影测量microphotogrammetry
297电子显微摄影测量nanophotogrammetry
298双介质摄影测量two-medium photogrammetry
299近景摄影测量close-range photogrammetry
300超近摄影测量macrophotogrammetry (注:物距在0.l~0.0lm的摄影测量)

301直接线性变换direct linear transformation, DLT
302穆瓦条纹图(曾用名“莫尔条纹图”)moire topography
303弹道摄影测量ballistic photogrammetry
304工程摄影测量engineering photogrammetry
305工业摄影测量industrial photogrammetry
306建筑摄影测量architectural photogrammetry
307考古摄影测量archaeological photogrammetry
308生物医学摄影测量biomedical photogrammetry
309X射线摄影测量X-ray photogrammetry
310实时摄影测量real-time photogrammetry
311计算机视觉computer vision
312遥感remote sensing
313资源与环境遥感remote sensing of natural resources and environment
314主动式遥感active remote sensing
315被动式遥感passive remote sensing
316多谱段遥感multispectral remote sensing
317多时相遥感multitemporal remote sensing
318红外遥感infrared remote sensing
319微波遥感microwave remote sensing
320太阳辐射波谱solar radiation spectrum
321大气窗atmospheric window
322大气透过率atmospheric transmissivity
323大气噪声atmospheric noise
324大气传输特性characteristic of atmospheric transmission
325波谱特征曲线spectrum character curve
326波谱响应曲线spectrum response curve
327波谱特征空间spectrum feature space
328波谱集群spectrum cluster
329红外波谱infrared spectrum
330反射波谱reflectance spectrum
331电磁波谱electro-magnetic spectrum
332功率谱power spectrum
333地物波谱特性object spectrum characteristic
334热辐射thermal radiation
335微波辐射microwave radiation
336数据获取data acquisition
337数据传输data transmission
338数据处理data processing
339地面接收站ground receiving station
340数字磁带digital tape
341模拟磁带analog tape
342计算机兼容磁带computer compatible tape,CCT
343高密度数字磁带high density digital tape, HDDT
344图象复原image restoration
345模糊影象fuzzy image
346卫星像片图satellite photo map
347红外图象infrared imagery
348热红外图象thermal infrared imagery, thermal IR imagery
349微波图象microwave imagery
350成象雷达imaging radar

351熵编码entropy coding
352冗余码redundant code
353冗余信息redundant information
354信息量contents of information
355信息提取information extraction
356月球轨道飞行器lunar orbiter
357空间实验室Spacelab
358航天飞机space shuttle
359陆地卫星Landsat
360海洋卫星Seasat
361测图卫星Mapsat
362立体卫星Stereosat
363礼炮号航天站Salyut space station
364联盟号宇宙飞船Soyuz spacecraft
365SPOT卫星SPOT satellite
366地球资源卫星earth resources technology satellite, ERTS
367环境探测卫星environmental survey satellite
368地球同步卫星geo-synchronous satellite
369太阳同步卫星sun-synchronous satellite
370卫星姿态satellite attitude
371遥感平台remote sensing platform
372主动式传感器active sensor
373被动式传感器passive sensor
374推扫式传感器push-broom sensor
375静态传感器static sensor
376动态传感器dynamic sensor
377光学传感器optical sensor
378微波传感器microwave remote sensor
379光电传感器photoelectric sensor
380辐射传感器radiation sensor
381星载传感器satellite-borne sensor
382机载传感器airborne sensor
383姿态测量传感器attitude-measuring sensor
384探测器detector
385摄谱仪spectrograph
386航空摄谱仪aerial spectrograph
387波谱测定仪spectrometer
388地面摄谱仪terrestrial spectrograPh
389测距雷达range-only radar
390微波辐射计microwave radiometer
391红外辐射计infrared radiometer
392侧视雷达side-looking radar, SLR
393真实孔径雷达real-aperture radar
394合成孔径雷达synthetic aperture radar, SAR
395专题测图传感器thematic mapper, TM
396红外扫描仪infrared scanner
397多谱段扫描仪multispectral scanner. M SS
398数字图象处理digital image processing
399光学图象处理optical image processing
400实时处理real-time processing

401地面实况ground truth
402几何校正geometric correction
403辐射校正radiometric correction
404数字滤波digital filtering
405图象几何配准geometric registration of imagery
406图象几何纠正geometric rectification of imagery
407图象镶嵌image mosaic
408图象数字化image digitisation
409彩色合成仪additive colir viewer
410假彩色合成false color composite
411直接法纠正direct scheme of digital rectification
412间接法纠正indirect scheme of digital rectification
413图象识别image recognition
414图象编码image coding
415彩色编码color coding
416多时相分析multitemporal analysis
417彩色坐标系color coordinate system
418图象分割image segmentation
419图象复合image overlaying
420图象描述image description
421二值图象binary image
422直方图均衡histogram equalization
423直方图规格化histogram specification
424图象变换image transformation
425彩色变换color transformation
426伪彩色pseudo-color
427假彩色false color
428主分量变换principal component transformation
429阿达马变换Hadamard transformation
430沃尔什变换Walsh transformation
431比值变换ratio transformation
432生物量指标变换biomass index transformation
433穗帽变换tesseled cap transformation
434参照数据reference data
435图象增强image enhancement
436边缘增强edge enhancement
437边缘检测edge detection
438反差增强contrast enhancement
439纹理增强texture enhancement
440比例增强ratio enhancement
441纹理分析texture analysis
442彩色增强color enhancement
443模式识别pattern recognition
444特征feature
445特征提取feature extraction
446特征选择feature selection
447特征编码feature coding
448距离判决函数distance decision function
449概率判决函数probability decision function
450模式分析pattern analysis
451分类器classifier
452监督分类supervised classification
453非监督分类unsupervised classification
454盒式分类法box classifier method
455模糊分类法fuzzy classifier method
456最大似然分类maximum likelihood classification
457最小距离分类minimum distance classification
458贝叶斯分类Bayesian classification
459机助分类computer-assisted classification
460图象分析image analysis

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